Today , the Supreme Court, with Chief Justice John Roberts at its helm, heard oral arguments in Ayotte v. Planned Parenthood of New England, the first abortion case that it has accepted in five years. This case is being coined as having the potential to eliminate the requirement that abortion laws must include an exception for the protection of the woman's health. The case arises from a challenge to a New Hampshire law that prevents physicians from providing an abortion to a teenager under the age of 18 until a parent has been notified and 48 hours have elapsed following the notification. The law does not include an exception for the health of the mother. Under the law, a physician who performs an abortion on a minor without parental is subject to both civil liability and criminal charges.
The Bush administration has joined the case and seeks to uphold the New Hampshire law.
The simplified issues presented were 1) whether the United States First Circuit Court of Appeals applied the correct legal standard and 2) whether laws restricting abortions must include medical emergency exceptions to protect the health of the mother.
Petitioner's questions for review and Respondent's questions for review can be found in Wikipedia's entry on this case.
The decision that is under review can be found here.